bedrijvenpark groot prijkels, nazareth, deinz i kruishoutem, belgium
The grounds of this business park, of about 200 Ha, are located on horseback from the municipalities of Nazareth, Deinze and Kruishoutem, next to the E17, the motorway that connects Ghent with northern France and links the great ports of Western Europe. In operation for a long time, its evolution has revealed some problems to be solved before the land still to be developed is built.
There are four objectives of the work presented here:
- - redefine mobility within the park and its connections with its surroundings
- - solve the problems of drainage and storage of rainwater
- - define the parameters to guarantee the quality of new buildings and improve that of new and existing public spaces (streets and open spaces)
- - study the feasibility of the set of operations to be carried out
Vehicle access to the park is made from tracks of very diverse character. The one on the east side takes place from a general road and at a point very close to its junction with the motorway. Those located on the west side, on the other hand, do so from a local road, and the one located to the south from a suburban road. This entails the indiscriminate movement of trucks on roads that are unable to absorb them and in constant conflict with other types of vehicles. To solve this problem, it is proposed to concentrate the accesses at two points with a connection close to the motorway, one east and one west, and the articulation of a distribution axis through the park.
But as much or more important than reducing the impact of cargo vehicles is to reduce the impact of the private vehicle as a means of access for park workers. The creation of bicycle lanes –and their integration into the surrounding network- as well as the proposal for a new public transport stop respond to this objective.
WATER MANAGEMENT AND GREEN MANAGEMENT
Business parks are characterized by large paved surfaces that prevent rainwater from infiltrating into the ground. It must be guaranteed that there is a minimum of 600 m2 of filtering ground and a minimum of 324 m3 of retention volume per hectare of pavement. It must also be ensured that these waters are discharged into the network at the rate at which it is able to absorb them.
The response to these requirements is integrated with the response to the need to compensate for any green mass that may be affected by the new buildings and to create a buffer zone between the business area and the residential area of Deinze, the nearest town.
The treatment of both elements, water and green, gives rise to a landscape structure that ensures the well-being of the business park users and redefines its character.
The grounds still to be developed are all located on the perimeter of the park and are subject to a set of requirements depending on their location. Among them, a large bag of 60 Ha stands out in its southwest corner, between N17 and N494, which must be used for regional businesses of more than 5,000 m2 each.
It is the nodal point of the business park. With an area of 4.8 Ha, it solves accessibility by road, by bicycle and by public transport, with a design that integrates infrastructure and landscape. Its south side is intended for regional companies that occupy small size blocks of representative will, while its north side is for offices that are integrated into the existing wooded mass.
NORTHEAST REGIONAL AREA
It has an area of 10.2 Ha, a significant volume of trees and an old farm that recalls its agricultural past. Half goes to local businesses and the other half to regional businesses. The farm is reused for receptions and seminars, and the creation of a rainwater retention basin around it is used to generate a landscape that endows it with representativeness.
LOCAL ZONE DEINZE
Its 5.2 Ha are intended for local business park and articulate the offices of the gate with tht green buffer in the northern zone. There is one of the access points for bicycles.
It is located between the existing sheds in the northern sector of the park and the single-family dwellings south of the central core of Deinze. It has 10.5 Ha and its function is twofold: to compensate for the impact on the green that occur in other areas of the park and to cushion its own impact on the adjoining residential fabric.
SOUTHWEST REGIONAL AREA
It is the largest of all the areas still to be developed (60.1 ha) and is intended for regional companies. The eastern access goes through it. It includes a general truck parking and is organised in such a way as to avoid the creation of a continuous built front facing the motorway. The existing water storage area is being remodelled to include leisure routes for pedestrians and bicycles so as to provide an equipped lung for workers' breaks.